Shayne Wissler
“A society grows great when old men plant trees whose shade they know they shall never sit in.” – Greek proverb

Criticizing David Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

15 April 2017

draft

“[A] Philosopher who affects to doubt of the Maxims of common Reason, and even of his Senses, declares sufficiently that he is not in earnest, and that he intends not to advance an Opinion which he would recommend as Standards of Judgment and Action.” – David Hume

This article is a criticism of David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. But even more it is a criticism of the army of…

Compound Interest vs. The Law of Wealth

07 September 2016

Illustrative of a suspicious issue is that if you take an ounce of gold and continually loan it out at about 5% interest, then after about 1200 years, you would be owed an amount of gold equal to the Earth’s mass:

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

Of course, 1200 years is a long time, but one ounce is not a lot of gold. In any case, does it make any sense to have an ongoing activity that is physically impossible to sustain over a long term? As any engineer will tell you, no real syste…

Against Anarchism: The Case Against Individualist Anarchism

01 January 2011

INTRODUCTION[link]

The argument for liberty is not an argument against organization, which is one of the most powerful tools human reason can employ, but an argument against all exclusive, privileged, monopolistic organization, against the use of coercion to prevent others from doing better. – F.A. Hayek

It is evident, also, that neither true judgments nor true propositions can be contrary the one to the other. For whereas, when two propos…